Zalawadi goat is a breed that comes
from India. The name comes from its city of origin, which is previously
Zalawad, nowadays that area is known as Surendranagar.
It is a very important breed, is
distributed in several areas, and occupies 30% of the goat population of
India. The herds of this breed are raised around 10 to 100 individuals for
Zalawadi goat is a large breed, in
addition to having long legs. The weight of the male of this breed reaches
around 40 Kg. And they reach a length of 76 centimeters, and the height reaches
up to 83 centimeters.
While the adult female weighs 34Kg., They measure around 72 centimeters and can reach 78 centimetershigh. The coat of this breed is usually black, and the coat tends to bethick, however, this breed has also been found in white.
This breed can produce 245 grams of
fur per year. Antlers, which have an upward direction, develop in the
female and in the male of this breed. The horns are straight, with a
certain inclination towards the back, besides that they have spiral forms
In addition, this breed has large
ears, which are dropped due to their dimensions, they can measure up to 19 centimeters
and have the shape of a leaf. Not all goats, however, there are some that
have white spots on the ears.
And there are some that have white
ears with black spots. The bad thing about the ears being of a large
magnitude is that it represents a danger. Since the race can get stuck
between trees and hurt.
That is why some breeders are the
force to cut their ears. And females have an udder that is well
developed. The udders of this breed are so good that they produce between
2 and 2.5 kg of milk per day.
And the periods of lactation are
included in 200 days per year. Arriving to produce between 5 to 6 good
lactations. In general, the deliveries of this breed become multiple, with
55% of the production of twins, and very rarely the delivery of triplets is
This breed begins to reproduce at
the age of 22 months, and the difference between childbirth and gestation is
around 11 months. In addition, this breed has a short tail and has a
Zalawadi goat is a double-purpose
breed, which is used for both meat production and milk production.
Also because the coat is thick, they
are also used for fur production. Although there are also breeders who use
this breed as a pet, and this is due to its quiet nature.
Zalawadi goat is a breed that is
maintained with intensive grazing systems. Reaching survival in places
with few food sources, since they take advantage of the nutrients of everything
However, pregnant goats require
certain nutrients so they can produce good quality milk during their
lactation. The small goats of this breed do not require as much food as
the adults of this breed.
However, newborn goats should be fed
at least 1 month with breast milk. If they do not feed on the mother, the
breeders will have to feed it with bottles, until the goats can feed
Zalawadi goat something particular
in this breed is that breeders can use the feces of this breed and use it as
fertilizer. Even breeders who have very large flocks often sell the
It is a resistant breed since they
can survive in different climates. However, when there is extreme cold it
has to provide warmth, and when there are very hot temperatures it is necessary
to give it a lot of hydration.
By flock, they come to live around 7
to 8 years. Also in India, they set quality standards for this
breed. That is why when a person decides to breed this breed he must buy
it with breeders who are duly certified.
Usually, this breed is raised 1 male
for every 25 females of this breed. And what is recommend is that the
males are not mixed with the females, they should only be brought together
during the mating season.
In the stables where this breed
lives, it is recommended to place rice on the floor so that it absorbs moisture
and does not affect this breed.
The flocks of this breed remain in
one place, very rarely migrate in summer due to high temperatures and return in
periods of rain.