Goat farming, like any other farming activity, can be highly profitable if all the necessary measures have been taken to ensure that the farmer gets the best produce from his investment. Before going into the goat business it is important to find out if it can actually work in the region you are considering. You need to find out if you have an immediate market for the goat produce.
If you can, find out if there are any other goat farms in the area and if the farm is meeting the demand or if it has an insufficient supply for the market demand.
Things to consider before starting the goat farming business:
You need to give this great consideration. You do not want to start a business and end up being stuck with produce because the available market is insufficient to give you the profit you are looking to make.
Need to find out which goat product is in high demand. Is it milk, meat, value-added products such as cheese and butter or is it fiber. This will guide you when you will be making the decision on the breeds of goats you will be choosing.
Before doing anything else, this study is very important because once you spend money investing in goats, you do not want to find yourself going against the tide in a bid to get people to buy your product when they are not interested.
The farming space:
Farming usually requires quite a bit of space. This is because there is always the need to grow your own food for the goats as well as giving them adequate space to move around in search of food. You need to have space for the construction of housing for the goats. Need to know what breeds of goats you will be keeping because dairy goats always require more space than those that are kept for meat.
You also need to plan for the milking area should you choose to keep dairy goods. The place needs to be hygienic and well cleaned. All these plans need to be made so that you can be sure you have enough space to start the goat farming business.
There will always be a time when you will need a vet to take care of your goats, even if it means vaccinations. Having a vet close by means you will be able to catch diseases and treat them on time before your entire herd is affected. A vet will also be able to advise you accordingly should you have any questions or challenges.
Having a vet nearby also reduces your costs. You are starting a business so you should endeavor to keep your costs to a minimum.
Can you easily get the supplements required by goats easily or will you have to go far for your supplies? If you cannot provide all the food your goats will require, can you easily get the food nearby? This is also a very important cost-cutting measure that you should consider as you try to get into the goat farming business.
Breeds of goats:
There are different breeds of goats in the market. Some are favored for dairy production, other for meat while others provide good fiber. It is also possible for goats to provide all this produce but you should make a decision what the primary function of your goat farming business is all about.
If you try to do all these functions, your productivity will definitely fall because you are not focused on your primary objective. You may start by keeping goats for dairy and later sell it for meat and even fiber. However, by the time you opt for the secondary provisions of the goat, you shall have achieved your primary objective of milk production.
The value addition of dairy products:
Value-added products such as cheese and butter usually fetch a lot in terms of price. There are people who feel milk from goats has a “goat-y” smell which puts them off despite the nutritive value. However, you will find them comfortable using the butter and cheese. If you have the equipment for converting milk to these products, your goat farming business may be more profitable.
If you can use good labels that make give your products an element of professionalism and if the quality is good, you will be able to build a brand in no time.
Demand for goats’ meat:
Of all red meat, goats’ meat is the healthiest as it has no saturated fat. This has increased the demand for goats’ meat especially because of the continued medical conditions that have arisen due to the high consumption of harmful red meat.
Since many people are looking to stay healthy but are unable to give up red meat entirely, they opt for the healthiest red meat. This has increased the demand of goat’s meat. Many people also prefer buying meat from animals that have been kept free range.
This is because the meat is tastier and healthier. There is definitely a high demand for goat meat. However, it is important for farmers to ensure that the health of the goats is a priority.
It is possible to make good profits from goat farming. After making sure there is a market, it is important to ensure that the environment the goats are kept in is clean.
When constructing the housing for the goats, it is important to do it with the comfort of the goats in mind. Goats are more productive when they are well cared for in great housing facilities. Goats do not demand much. They just need enough space, clean and dry space with good ventilation. It will be pointless to find potential market only for you to ruin it by getting poor goat breeds, poor housing and poor feeding of the goats.
The end result will be losses. Always ensure the environment of the goats is good and comfortable for the goats. This is the only way to keep them healthy, disease-free and highly productive.