The Beetal Goat is a race native to India, from the regions of Punjab and Haryana. Although it can be obtained in other regions. In many occasions, this race is often confused with Jamunapari and it is because they have similar characteristics. Although the reason why they can be easily distinguished is by size since the Jamunapari breed is larger than the Beetal breed. However, the Beetal breed has a better distribution, since it has spread to many regions, and adapts easily to both the climate and the food. Besides India, this race is also obtained in Pakistan.
Characteristics of Beetal Goat:
The Beetal Goat is a large breed, although the body is compact. Also, this species has long legs, this factor is what makes them higher than other breeds. The weight of this breed, for the male, is between 50 and 60 kilos, and they are between 86 and 90 centimeters long. And they measure up to 86 centimeters tall.
On the other hand, the females have a weight of 35 to 40 Kg., Reaching to be 70 centimeters long, and the height reaches between 70 and 75 centimeters. The coat of this breed is usually red or gold, and also the coat of this breed sometimes has white spots. However, this race is predominant in black, leaving the color red and gold in smaller proportions.
The ears are long, so much so that they become hanging. While the tail is short. Something that differentiates the males of this breed, is that they have a small beard. While the females do not have this characteristic. Both the males and the females have small horns, which have a curvature, and are tilted backward.
The adult females arrive to give at least 2 goats a year. The pregnancies reach 40% individual, 55% twins and reducing the number of triplets to 5%. Another characteristic of females is that they are available for reproducing from 20 months of age.
While the male is already able to reproduce from 12 months of age. In addition to having a fairly high milk production which is between 150 to 200 kg per year. By producing between 2 and 2.5 kg per day, the period of lactation is extending to 185 days in the year. The high milk production is good and significant for baby goats since the mortality of baby goats is reduced.
The Beetal Goat is a double-purpose breed that serves both meat production and milk production. It is a race that is suitable to produce commercially. Another characteristic that the breed has is that it produces high-quality skin. Since it is good for the production of footwear and clothing both velvet and suede.
And because of its large size, the amount of skin they produce is high, and of good quality, and the performance is good.
In addition to this, the breed has been used to improve the genetic characteristics of other races. And this has not been implemented only in India but throughout the continent.
The Beetal Goat can feed on alfalfa, corn, green fodder, as well as leaves, herbs, and leaves. However, this breed has the characteristic of being resistant, it can be fed with intensive grazing, and even this breed will profit and will have good feed conversion.
The reason why Beetal goat is preferred by breeders. But although they are resistant, the breeders have to ensure that the goats are well fed, since this makes them gain weight in short periods of time.
The breeders within the diet cannot miss the carbohydrates and proteins. As well as the clean water, in order to have a nutritious and balanced diet.
The Beetal Goat is a totally resistant breed, being able to withstand the different climatic changes. They can inhabit different regions, and adapt very well to the diversity of foods. There are some breeders who produce this breed to sell it since they see more profits selling them for large flocks instead of selling them per unit.
Breeders should pay more attention to both pregnant goats and small goats since they are disease-prone and should be well fed. Despite being a resistant breed, breeders prefer to have them released in the mornings and graze it and keep them sheltered in a barn at night.
Maintaining them in this way ensures a good production of both milk and meat. If they are not giving this care the production values will be an effect, and therefore they will decrease.