Sojat goat breed is originated in Sojat Tehsil, Pali District of Rajasthan India. This is a non-recognized Breed but it is available in large numbers. this goat breed is in very high demand in the last five years. The Sojat Goat became the first choice for commercial Goat farming because of its looks or Pure white color, it achieves very good weight and fit for the commercial or stall-feed goat farming system.
Characteristics of Sojat Goat:
The Sojat Goat is a breed that is large and very heavy. That is why the males of this breed weigh more than the females of this breed. The weight of the males is between 50 to 65 Kg. While the weight of the females is between 40 to 55 Kg. And this breed has a good length, measuring a total of 85 centimeters while the females reach 80 centimeters.
This race has very long ears and which are fallen and have a very peculiar shape being mostly straight and at the end, they have a curvature. In addition to having a short tail. Both males and females do not have horns. The coat of this breed is usually white, with black or brown spots. In addition, the coat is short to medium and very smooth. And it has pink skin.
This breed has a good feed conversion rate since they gain weight quickly in shorter time periods than other breeds. The females of this breed at 13 and 14 months of age are already able to reproduce, getting to have 2 signs of jealousy a year.
Most of the deliveries are individual or twin, although the percentage of births of twins is quite high. Milk production is low, having lactation periods of 60 days in a year, and producing about 1.5 kg of milk per day. In this period of lactation, the maximum that this breed has produced is 170 to 175 Kg.
Sojat goat is a breed that is used mainly for the production of meat. In all India, the meat of the Sojat Goat is known, and this is because they produce meat of excellent flavor. And the demand for meat of this breed is gradually increasing every year. That is why this breed is raised commercially today, for the production of meat.
Sojat goat is one that usually keeps feeding in stable systems. Although they can also be raised in open grazing systems. The diet of this breed is made up of hay, and it can also include alfalfa and corn. In addition, the goats can also be fed with silage. The good nutrition of this breed is what guarantees that they gain weight quickly in shorter periods of time.
However, the preferred food of this breed is forage since this gives the goats a lot of energy. The breeders to reduce costs, prefer to produce corn and alfalfa and thus feed the flock. In the same way, it can be fed with carrots, potatoes, cauliflower, beetroot or cabbage. The breeders can also add to their diet peanuts, oats, wheat, barley, peas and fruit to their diet.
Females of this species after birth should be given water with sugar, as well as hot food. The newborn goats have to feed on colostrum since this protects them from diseases, it also has vitamins and minerals. Small goats should be fed at least half a liter of milk per day, and with that measure, they will gain weight.
Sojat goat is a goat that has a lactation period of 60 days, its period is so short that the breeders use them only to produce meat. There is a tradition and that is that the breeders in India sacrifice this race in the festival of Bakri-Eid. That is why the sales of this breed soar for 2 months before the holiday since for the activities they all do, they want to have a Sojat goat.
It is a resistant breed that is perfectly adapted to the different regions of India, it is another reason why breeders produce this breed. This breed has a bad habit of urinating where it eats, which is why the breeders must supply the food, and safeguard the rest. And so not generate losses for damage to food. This goat should be given the tetanus vaccine when it is a newborn. After completing the month the reinforcement is placed. And then the vaccine is placed once a year.