Zalawadi goat is a breed that comes from India. The name comes from its city of origin, which is previously Zalawad, nowadays that area is known as Surendranagar. It is a very important breed, is distributed in several areas, and occupies 30% of the goat population of India. The herds of this breed are raised around 10 to 100 individuals for each herd.
Characteristics of Zalawadi Goat:
Zalawadi goat is a large breed, in addition to having long legs. The weight of the male of this breed reaches around 40 Kg. And they reach a length of 76 centimeters, and the height reaches up to 83 centimeters. While the adult female weighs 34Kg., They measure around 72 centimeters and can reach 78
This breed can produce 245 grams of fur per year. Antlers, which have an upward direction, develop in the female and in the male of this breed. The horns are straight, with a certain inclination towards the back, besides that they have spiral forms around. In addition, this breed has large ears, which are dropped due to their dimensions, they can measure up to 19 centimeters and have the shape of a leaf. Not all goats, however, there are some that have white spots on the ears.
And there are some that have white ears with black spots. The bad thing about the ears being of a large magnitude is that it represents a danger. Since the race can get stuck between trees and hurt. That is why some breeders are the force to cut their ears. And females have an udder that is well developed. The udders of this breed are so good that they produce between 2 and 2.5 kg of milk per day.
And the periods of lactation are included in 200 days per year. Arriving to produce between 5 to 6 good lactations. In general, the deliveries of this breed become multiple, with 55% of the production of twins, and very rarely is the delivery of triplets is observed. This breed begins to reproduce at the age of 22 months, and the difference between childbirth and gestation is around 11 months. In addition, this breed has a short tail and has a forward curvature.
Zalawadi goat is a double-purpose breed, which is used for both meat production and milk production. Also because the coat is thick, they are also used for fur production. Although there are also breeders who use this breed as a pet, and this is due to its quiet nature.
Zalawadi goat is a breed that is maintained with intensive grazing systems. Reaching survival in places with few food sources, since they take advantage of the nutrients of everything they eat. However, pregnant goats require certain nutrients so they can produce good quality milk during their lactation.
The small goats of this breed do not require as much food as the adults of this breed. However, newborn goats should be fed at least 1 month with breast milk. If they do not feed on the mother, the breeders will have to feed it with bottles, until the goats can feed themselves.
Zalawadi goat something particular in this breed is that breeders can use the feces of this breed and use it as fertilizer. Even breeders who have very large flocks often sell the fertilizer. It is a resistant breed since it can survive in different climates. However, when there is extreme cold it has to provide warmth, and when there are very hot temperatures it is necessary to give it a lot of hydration.
By flock, they come to live around 7 to 8 years. Also in India, they set quality standards for this breed. That is why when a person decides to breed this breed he must buy it with breeders who are duly certified. Usually, this breed is raised 1 male for every 25 females of this breed. And what is recommended is that the males are not mixed with the females, they should only be brought together during the mating season.
In the stables where this breed lives, it is recommended to place rice on the floor so that it absorbs moisture and does not affect this breed. The flocks of this breed remain in one place, very rarely migrate in summer due to high temperatures and return in periods of rain.